Braking Techniques

Topic Progress:
  • There are a number of Braking Techniques, each used in a specific situation :

    Braking in “Good Time”
    constantly monitoring your speed, space and driving conditions so that if something does happen, you can stop gradually
    This technique depends on the driver thinking ahead, and anticipating using the SIPDE strategy

    Threshold Braking
    applying the brake pedal more firmly, just to the point prior to “locking the wheels”
    Shift to neutral to remove the unbalancing effect of the drive wheels and differential
    If wheels lock, reduce pressure and ease up gradually as the vehicle slows
    It is advantageous in that the braking distance is shorter, you maintain steering control, and the tires wear evenly, avoiding skidding
    It is disadvantageous because a road is rarely smooth, is sometimes wet, and sometimes icy, and so the wheel lock point varies widely.
    Requires considerable skill to not skid

    “Pumping the Brake Pedal”
    Applying the brake pedal to the point of locking the wheels, releasing to allow wheel rotation, and repeating this cycle until stopped.
    Shift to neutral to remove the unbalancing effect of the drive wheels and differential
    This technique maintains steering control, however the the braking distance is not as short as threshold braking.

    “Locking the Brakes”
    Not a normal stopping technique.
    Only use when the choice is between collision or stopping
    Braking distance is shortest, but steering control is lost.
    Vehicle may rotate on its axis while stopping in a straight line

  • Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS)

    Most modern vehicles are equipped with ABS
    It allows the driver to make a full stop without losing steering control
    The vehicle computer “pumps the brakes” for the driver.
    The system will look after you
    Look where you want to go, and steer where you want to go.
    Most drivers who are not familiar with the ABS technology, defeat the system by removing pressure from the brake due to the sensation of the brakes pulsing/the noise it makes If you purchase a vehicle with ABS, you should practice emergency stops so you know what ABS feels/sounds like if you ever need it in a real emergency situation

    REMEMBER: ABS brakes do not allow the driver to go faster, the stopping distance is the same!
    ABS is worth having on your vehicle.